CAIL is the most interdisciplinary center of excellence in the College of Engineering. Although it is housed in the Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) Department, it involves faculty from the Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE), Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE), Biological and Irrigation Engineering(BIE), and Physics Departments, with major participation from ECE. The director, Robert Pack, has a joint appointment in both the CEE and ECE Departments, and is joined by Scott Budge and Paul Israelsen from ECE. Through CAIL, faculty are able to provide educational experience for students from Junior through PhD level. In fact, students from several of the engineering departments and computer science work together to research and develop applications which require understanding of electronics, signal processing, geomatics, mechanical structures, optics, and spacecraft controls.